The history of cars brand Eagle began in the thirties of the last century with the idea of creating a car with four-wheel drive. Many car companies have tried to do this. In America, the first in this field was the company Willys, who created his famous jeep, which is known to everyone. But still it was a car more off-road, and on the road it showed not such good high-speed results, unlike cars, and controllability at high speeds suffered greatly.
In the late sixties, the well-known Japanese company Subaru created its all-wheel-drive, passenger car, which showed excellent results on the track, was perfectly manageable on a slippery road in corners. Success Subaru did not give rest to the American companies, after all Subaru has appeared rather popular car and began to win hearts of buyers. And this is in the domestic market of the United States.
American Motors Corporation decided to tackle this moment denser and develop its own all-wheel drive car that will be able to withstand the march of Subaru on American roads. In the autumn of 1979, the first car with a permanent all-wheel drive of American manufacture was ready. It was created a separate automotive brand, which was based on the nodes and aggregates of cars produced by the AMC.
The body was taken from Concord (Hornet), its wheelbase was extended to 109 inches and there were two body types - a four-door sedan and a four-door wagon, with a 4.2-liter engine and 110 horsepower. The three-speed automatic transmission was taken from its creator and owner of the brand Eagle - the company Chrysler.
But the main features that distinguished this car from conventional cars - was full drive. Eagle 4x4 also had a distinction that distinguishes it even among all-wheel drive vehicles - the inter-axle differential, namely viscous coupling.
1981 Eagle SX 4 Axle differential - was installed under the bottom in the middle of the car and contributes to the smooth transfer of engine power in proportion to the axis with the greatest thrust. This is a real, non-disconnected and more wear-resistant all-wheel drive, with which this car could conquer any road surface. This type of all-wheel drive surpassed the similar system of Subaru and left far behind itself a number of off-road cars with all-wheel drive.
The only drawback was only the lack of a downshift. But this lack of AMC explained easily - the car was created for traffic on the asphalt, even though its ground clearance was greatly increased. Yes, certainly not only on the asphalt, but was able to overcome slippery sections of the road or small country roads. Everyone was skeptical about this car, that the company that created it will not be able to do anything solid and ingenious, which will really be in demand. But it was only at the beginning, when the developments were announced in the press. Later, with the release of this car in production and getting the opportunity to check it in the business press began to speak quite differently.
And during the fuel crisis in the US, these cars were very popular. Indeed, unlike the large and voracious all-wheel drive off-road cars, Eagle was a real find. After all, at that time many owners of gluttonous cars just left them and used public transport or bought more economical cars, among which was Eagle with its first model.
In 1981, there were two additional models: the sporty two-door Eagle SX-4 in the body of Spirit / AMX, and Eagle Kammback, on the chassis of the Spirit Sedan. There was also a new General Motors engine of 2.5 liters in 100 horsepower and a new option - a disconnectable front-wheel drive.
In the eighties, Eagle began manufacturing Mitsubishi cars under its own name. So sports coupe - Mitsubishi Eclipse is on sale in the USA under the name Eagle Talon, a sedan Summit - the modified Lancer, a compact minivan Summit Wagon - analogue Space Runner, sports coupe Talon - Eclipse analog. And also under the brand name Eagle produced copies of many models of Chrysler in the early nineties.
However, the legal collisions that happened with the company led to the fact that it could not properly monitor the market and create new, popular models. As a result, now, when as a result of the transitions from the management of Eagle to one or another automotive company, the Eagle brand can not be used by any of the companies, although some of the plants belong to Chrysler, part of Mitsubishi and even there is a contract with Renault for the production of Renault cars. Therefore, this car brand can now be left in the past, as one of the milestones in the development of automotive history.