While some may say that 1906 was a terribly boring in terms of entertainment and employment opportunities compared to 2008, the beginning of the 20th century was probably one of the most productive periods in history. Vicenzo Lancia was only 25 years old in 1906, when he founded his own automobile company with a colleague Claudio Fogolin.
With a tendency to everything mechanical and almost excellence in engine diagnostics and repair, as well as experience as a test driver for Fiat, Vicenzo Lancia has decided to develop a car that changed the Italian and possibly global perception of cars. In 1907, he released the model Alpha, a car, "insulting" innovation for the time. Besides the fact that it was equipped with durable, reliable, and responsive engine, on Alpha it was surprisingly easy: Vicenzo tubular structure used for the front axle instead of solid steel, like other car manufacturers.
Six years later, Lancia has released Theta, the first European car that was equipped with a built-in electrical system. Until the 20s, the Lancia also patented two types of engines, 45 º V8 and a massive and narrow 22 º V 12. This development has led to an impressive start Lambda in 1922, a model that was a "sum" of engineering and design achievements. At Lambda had independent front suspension and the first narrow V4 engine in the world, to name just some of the innovations of the car.
By 1931, operating comfort was upgraded as the introduction of flexible engine mounting Astura. By analogy with the "floating engine" patented the Chrysler, the system used a small rubber shock absorbers to dampen noise and reduce vibration. The legacy of technological improvements and innovation patents continued in 1933 model Augusta, which was equipped with a hydraulic braking system, improved front and rear brakes and an automatic trunk opening. The latter does not depend on the central pillar and thus make access to a car is very simple.
After the release of Aprilia in 1937, Lancia went on racetracks. Commensurate with the advanced engineering of the art, the results obtained in rallies across Italy and the rest of Europe, Lancia presented as a new racing force. With three fuel tanks, two external and one set back, behind the pilot, as well as four-wheel drive racing cars Lancia seemed the result of future designs.
Lancia and Ferrari gave at the time of his entire team of technicians, as well as projects helping Scuderia to win the F1 World Championship in 50 years. 70 years have witnessed the birth of a racing legend, Stratos. Its ultra-lightweight body made of aluminum and plastic reinforced with glass fiber reinforced, inspired by the release of the later models, such as Beta, Rally 037 and Delta S4.
How many would not have brought Lancia trends, its reputation began to fall during the 90s due to the claims of low reliability. Since then, the company has sought to return to the issue of models such as the Thesis in 1995, ie later. Elegant sedan was the epitome of comfort, and in 2002 was released a new Thesis - part of the brand back to its core values, and a stunningly elegant design to perfection under the hood.