Plant Crvena Zastava, "Red Flag" - the largest automobile company in Yugoslavia. It was created on the basis of a military arsenal and began its activity with the production of passenger cars under the license of FIAT. His first production appeared in 1955. These were exact copies of the Italian production cars, assembled entirely from imported parts.
Cooperation "Crvena Zastava" and FIAT continues until now, although the Yugoslav versions of cars are increasingly different from their prototypes, and more units and components are produced on site.
In the first years the plant produced numerous analogues of Italian machines: Zastava-750 (a copy of FIAT-7500), Zastava-101 (FIAT-127), Zastava-1300 (FIAT-1300), and also assembled Polish sedans " Polski-FIAT-125R ".
Since 1980, all products of "Zastava" are produced under the trademark "Yugo". At first, a small 3-door front-drive car "Yugo-45" was proposed, which became the development of "Zastava-101" and in many respects copied FIAT-127. He was different only in the new hatchback body, completely transformed the exterior of the car. On the "Yugo" installed front transverse carburetor 4-cylinder engines with a working volume of 1116 and 1302 cm3, developing power of 45 and 54 hp, a mechanical 4-speed box and rack and pinion steering. Since 1989, "Yugo-45" has been produced under the name "Yugo Coral" with an even more attractive body and a new engine with a working volume of 903 cm3.
Soon, a cabriolet was added to the closed 3-door version. In 1987, a more advanced 5-door version of the "Yugo Florida" was presented at the Salon in Belgrade, which a year later went into mass production and is still manufactured. His body was designed by Italian firm "Ital Design", although the chassis was dominated by solutions from FIAT-128. Like all other "Zastava", it is equipped with carburetor engines with a working volume of 1116; 1302 and 1372 cm3 power from 60 to 71 hp.
In today's program "Zastava" is also preserved, "Yugo-128" - a more exact copy of the FIAT. If in the 1960s and 1970s "Zastava" produced up to 180,000 cars a year, then in the 90th it produced up to 10 thousand cars. In addition to "Florida", all "outposts" are intended for the domestic market.