History of "Lincoln" dates back to 1901, when Henry Leland produced his first Oldsmobile. In 1903 he founded the company "Cadillac", and in 1917 left the group "General Motors" and in 1921 with his son founded his own company.
The company "Lincoln" was born in a competitive environment. While in the US alone more than a hundred car manufacturers. One-third of them focused on the wealthy buyers. The company "Lincoln" was trying to break into this market segment with its engine V8. Their main competitors were of "Cadillac", "Packard" and "Franklin". Despite the financial assistance of Henry Ford, the company has got a period of difficulties, and only merged with "Ford" could save him. While the "Ford" has sold more than one million cars a year and could afford to take the risk. After Henry Ford bailouts, things went better. Cars were extremely high quality, and soon sales grew to several hundred copies a year, but it was only the beginning.
Dutch designer Johan van Sterkenburg Tyaarda, better known simply as the Detroit Tyaarda John, in 1936 developed a new model Lincoln Zephyr. It was an excellent car with streamlined bodywork and engine V12, located in front. In 1935, "Lincoln" has sold about 4,000 cars, and in 1936 - 22,000, of whom 15,000 were Zephyr models. Lincoln Continental model appeared in 1940. This machine was the basis of the post-war models. Like other car manufacturers, the company "Lincoln" during the war, worked for the army, releasing 145,000 bodies for jeeps, 25,332 engines for tanks and 24,929 engine mounts for B24 bombers. During the war, it was not until the development of new models of cars, so that cars Lincoln descended from the production line January 10, 1946, almost repeated cars in 1940.
That was only the bumpers, wheels with hubs and chrome trim on the hood. The cheapest model was known simply as Lincoln and had a five-liter V12 engine capacity of 130 liters. p. at 3600 rev / min. The standard equipment of this vehicle include electro windows. Earlier similar equipment is installed at an additional cost.
In addition to the "cheap" model Lincoln had more expensive - Continental versions coupe and convertible body. Continental model has cost three times more than the Ford model. From 13,496 cars Lincoln sold in 1946, 466 copies of Continental (265 coupes and 201 convertibles). Later vehicles remained virtually unchanged until until April 22, 1948 have not been entered 1949 model. Now, the range consisted of models of Lincoln Cosmopolitan.
Cars were similar and consisted of the same mechanical parts, but Lincoln had a standard wheelbase of 3080 mm compared to 3180 mm in its larger brethren. Now V12 engine replaced by a modern V8 displacement of 5520 cm3 and a capacity of 152 liters. s, and the front had independent suspension.
During the Korean War, car sales rose sharply. A few weeks after the outbreak of hostilities company "Lincoln" launched two new models - Lindo and Capri.
V8 engines of "Lincoln" is still an old-fashioned nizhneklapannym powertrains, while competitors have to offer modern OHV. In 1952, "Lincoln" was finally able to offer a modern engine.
It was a V8 power unit displacement of 5203 cm3, capacity 162 liters. p. at 3900 rev / min. He was considered a cost-effective - expended "only" 20 liters per 100 km. For enthusiasts of interest is that the motor had almost unlimited opportunities for improvement. The company took part in the race "Carrera Pan-America", winning in 1953 and 1954 first prize.
In the autumn of 1955 the company "Lincoln" appeared at the Paris Motor Show with a new model Lincoln Continental Mark-II. The machine cost $ 10 000, which at the time was a lot, but for the money the buyer received the collected manually two-door coupe. In 1958, a model Mark-II WITH FILM body. But time is practical and delightful Lincoln vehicles in the past. Machines are becoming more and their engines - more powerful. In 1970, they already had a length of 5720 mm, the engine displacement of 7536 cm3 and a capacity of 370 liters. p. at 4600ob / min.
In 1979, there was a representative model "Town Car" , and in 1983 - "Mark VII" with a 2-door sedan aerodynamically perfect. In 1987 saw the release of the first front-wheel drive "Lincoln Continental" unified on the chassis with the "Ford Taurus". In 1990, the "Town Car" got a beautiful new body in a classic style, and after 2 years appeared "Mark VIII" with original body and V8 engine 284 hp In late 1994, the second generation of buyers offered a front-series "Continental", made in the style of "Mark VIII". In 1997, "Lincoln" has presented a multi-purpose all-wheel drive "Navigator", created on the chassis "Ford Expedition".