June 17, 1970 is considered to be the beginning of production Range Rover. The first cars were intended for journalistic test drives and demonstrations to the general public. Official car sales began on September 1 of the same year. Already at the end of the year the first refinements of the machines began, which did not stop until the time when the machines stopped producing. Only in 1971 it was possible to reach settlement production - 250 cars a week. In the same year, the Range Rover was exhibited in the Louvre as a work of art and a design standard. More than such an honor was not awarded to any car.
The noise, which was raised around the new SUV, led to the appearance of a truly rush demand for it. The price of the car has instantly risen. This car almost did not appear on a free sale. In 1971 and 1972 there were even cases of speculation by these cars in the black market.
How was the legend born?
All first Range Rover cars had three doors. As the commercial department of Range Rover, so many developers have criticized this option. But after security tests were conducted, it was decided to stop on this option. This model is structurally much stronger than the version with four doors. In addition, it was not subject to US import restrictions, which were based on very stringent requirements for passive safety. In connection with such a requirement on all cars, the firms first intended to install disc brakes on all wheels. In addition, it was decided to install hoods made of steel, not aluminum. Of course, such hoods were heavier, but also much stronger. The first Range Rover cars were fitted with an American Buick engine. This engine became famous for its unpretentiousness and power.
From here it becomes clear that the new car from the very beginning was developed with an eye on similar American cars and with the calculation on the American market. From the very beginning, they even wanted to abandon the permanent all-wheel drive standard for Land Rover cars and install a plug-in front axle in the car. In this decision, you could see some similarity in the front suspension of the Ford Bronco. But during the preliminary tests it became clear that the rear axle badly "holds" a lot of effort. If a large torque is transmitted from the V8 engine to one axle, this will significantly reduce the reliability of the transmission.
In the new development, a long-stroke suspension was used on shock absorbers and coil springs. On the one hand, this design provided a guarantee that the car will be able to overcome any impassability - in the suspension allowed quite large fluctuations of the transverse axes. On the other hand, comfort of movement was provided on roads with a hard surface.
Back in 1972, a sample of the Range Rover car with four doors was developed. But this car was not released serially. And in 1980 the firm received an offer from the Swiss engineer Peter Monteverdi. He offered his own version of the body with four doors. Given all the market requirements of the time, the company accepted this offer. In 1981, there were already released about 50 Range Rover Monteverdi cars. In these cars, leather interiors were installed. They were also equipped with air conditioning. The commercial success of this car was quite large. This allowed the company to develop its own version of the body with four doors. The car with this body is called the Range Rover Classic. The release lasted until 1995.
The turning points in the history of the steel brand were 1980 and 1981. During these years a lot of serious changes were made to the car's design. The appearance of the Range Rover car was finally formed.
In the car was installed a powerful branded engine with an orbit 3.5 liters. It was fitted with the Lucas L injection system or two Zenith / Stromberg / Solex carburetors. "Automatic" - four-speed gearbox - appeared in 1982. On the highway the car could reach speeds of up to 160 kilometers per hour. For a heavy SUV that time it was a record.
The car had a slightly angular appearance. But according to the fashion of that time, he looked very elegant. Its bumpers were made of black polyester, the body painting was combined. The car was distinguished by its luxurious interior trim. There were present inserts of their valuable types of wood, armrests, both for the rear and for the front passengers, nylon carpets. This is how the Range Rover Classic looked.
Over the next 20 years, the design of the car has changed regularly, but very little. All the changes in the car fashion were tracked very sensitively. There are tachometer, alloy wheels, power pack and other options that made it easier to drive and increase its comfort. In 1989, the old engine was finally replaced by a new engine, a power of 3.9 horsepower. It was planned to supply such cars only to America. The external appearance of the car does not change.
Strictly speaking, the Range Rover car received the Classic prefix only in 1984. That's when the company Land Rover demonstrated a new car Range Rover New. The project to develop this car at one time was given the conventional name "Pegasus". This name is also strengthened behind the car. Now Range Rover is a completely new car. All units and units were designed specifically for her. Details of the Classic car can not be replaced. But the principles on which the Range Rover car is based have remained unchanged.
As in the past, and nowadays the car body is assembled from lightweight panels made of aluminum. Some parts of the plating are made of steel. As before, the body is mounted on a welded frame. The angular outline of the body itself is also preserved. However, at present the body contours have become somewhat softer, and the windshield is no longer almost at right angles to the hood. The Range Rover car is the best in its class indicator of the drag coefficient 0.38.
Range Rover New differs from the Classic model in that it has a lot of diverse electronics installed. What can you do about it. XXI century in the yard ...
In 1999, all cars of the company began to install the electronic anti-slip system Traction Control. This system was tested in 1992 on the Classic cars.
In 1992, the Range Rover Classic was first tested with a pneumatic suspension, in which the ground clearance was adjusted automatically. In the Range Rover New, this system is already standard. It provides four positions The highest position is intended for off-road. The average and low position is calculated for highways. In addition, when the car is at rest, the oen as it becomes in front of the owner "on his knees." Thus, it is easy to disembark and land.
The clearance can be adjusted using the buttons that are located on the panel. But there is a duplicating automatics. The sensors on the bridges provide an opportunity to control the choice of off-road clearance. If some time to go at a speed of more than 80 kilometers per hour, the car seems to be squatting.
Probably, it's not a secret for anyone that today these cars are used by quite lazy people. That's why from the showrooms of the car Range Rover New were removed gearbox and separate switch dispensers. Motors in modern cars of the company are put exclusively in combination with the automatic box ZF. Electronics controls and the transition from increased to lower transmission. In order to move along complete off-road, you just need to throw the lever.
At the same time, a system is activated that allows you to adjust the sensitivity of the gas pedal. Its course increases significantly when moving over rough terrain. The driver can at the same time adjust the engine speed very accurately. On the expressway, everything happens completely differently. In order to maximize the speed, just touch the pedal lightly. The Range Rover New can be compared to a BMW car in its dynamics.
However, it should be noted that, in addition to the indisputable advantages of the Range Rover New, there are some disadvantages that were inherent in the Classic brand as well. Both of these cars require the driver to focus on high speeds. The fact is that in order to keep the car on a given trajectory, you have to constantly "steer". Despite the fact that both cars have a very powerful wheelbase, on a rough road there is a very strong shaking. A lot of claims are made for electronics. Very often the air suspension control unit and the on-board computer fail. On the Classic model the air suspension is simply replaced with a conventional one. Repair of the same car Range Rover New results in a significant amount.
But all these shortcomings do not prevent consumers from loving these machines and buying them. These cars are very popular for the excellent quality of the SUV and comfort. At all times, in terms of the quality of the finish and the degree of comfort, the salon of these cars could be compared to the salon of an expensive limousine. Cars buy wholesale and retail. During the past 15 years, the company's trademark has already passed two different hands. Currently, the company owns Ford Motor Co. It is possible that a new Range Rover of the third generation will soon appear. What he will be, time will tell.