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The company takes its name from the area on the south bank of the Thames, where profitable marrying Norman merchant, named Fulk le Breant, bought a house in the early 13th century. This house became known as Fulk "s Hall (home Fulk), and later - Vauxhall.
Fulk le Breant was also known for having produced the carts, which enjoyed strong demand. Once the inhabitants of the medieval city saw that one of the carts, made Fulk rolled itself. Some of the more impressionable citizens have seen even the devils that were drawn by horses instead. This mysterious event served as a good advertisement.
When Alexander Wilson founded the company in this area in 1857 for the production of steam engines for ships and tugs of the Thames, he took a picture of a griffin emblem le Breanta as the emblem of the company.
In 1903, the company, already renamed "Vauxhall Iron Works Company", he built his first car. Two years later the company moved to Luton.
Griffin, a symbol of the Vauxhall, - a creature with the head and wings of an eagle and the body of a lion, mythical beast, connecting King Quality King of animals and birds. Therefore, it symbolized power and vigilance.
In the middle of the XX century the company Vauxhall linked its activities with the Germans - the company Opel.
Today, virtually all car «Opel AG» Group, sold in the United Kingdom, bear a label Vauxhall.
English first production car with a sunroof in 1933 became the brand Vauxhall-A Light Six in options and 12NR 14NR. Apart from these models were made comfortable 20NR in two runs BY and BX, differing working volumes of engines 2,4 and 3,2 liters.
The last of these, the famous Big Six, sold until 1936. It was replaced by a series of G (25HP) with independent suspension front wheels Dubonnet system. This design was also used on models 1935 - DY (12NR) and OH (14NR).
Brand Vauxhall-H (10NR) in 1938 became the first British car with a monocoque body. It was a 3-speed gearbox, and the average fuel consumption of less than 9 liters per 100 km. In 1939, all Vauxhall cars got hydraulic brakes. sales growth contributed to a new cheap car Series U (14HP) middle class with a 6-cylinder engine in 1781 cc.
Only in 1983, Ford was able to come forward, replacing the outdated trademark Cortina at Sierra, which has become a strong competitor Cavalier. In 1984 came into operation the plant of General Motors in Zaragoza, Spain, designed for the production of compact cars that are on the market in continental Europe became known as Opel Corsa, and in English - Vauxhall Nova.
Legendary tradition of the British Vauxhall long gone. Today, the company has become the only assembly department of the American concern General Motors, producing cars under the Vauxhall brand Opel.
From their German counterparts Vauxhall differ not only in right-hand drive, showy logo with the image of a mythical gryphon and grille, but also a complete set and other interior trim.